(For a quick and easy guide for how SOLO taxonomy can improve your planning, visit http://www.hattonteachingschoolalliance.org.uk/research/research-in-brief/.) Hattie 2012 p54 SOLO has many advantages over Bloom's Taxonomy. However, the Bloom taxonomy is a useful adjunct for suggesting a wider list of verbs, especially for a range of learning activities. Hattie (2012) describes it as “the most powerful model for understanding these three levels of … The levels can be interpreted relative to the proficiency of the students. Six year old students can be taught to derive general principles and suggest hypotheses, though obviously to a different level of abstraction and detail than their older peers. SOLO is research/evidence based on structure of student learning outcomes (versus Bloom's developed from proposal by a committee of educators) 2. Schools using SOLO, report improvements in student learning outcomes; a raise in student confidence and increases in student engagement in learning. 1. SOLO allows task and outcome to be at different levels (versus Bloom's not designed/cannot be used to level outcomes against each task). As learning progresses it becomes more complex. Knowledge, therefore, permeates across all levels of the SOLO taxonomy. It describes the processes of understanding used by students when answering prompts. Assessment for the achievement standards used in the New Zealand National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) is also similar to SOLO. Springer. What compositional principles did Picasso use in Guernica? Reflect on learning processes and products; Undertake research and student led inquiry; Integrate e-learning and thinking strategies; Establish a school wide common language for learning. Add to My Bookmarks Export citation. Your slideshare presentations really delve into the application of SOLO at a level in Primary especially that we didn’t go into at all. Open University Press. This page was last modified on 8 November 2017, at 19:34. The Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes Taxonomy (SOLO) is a notion that describes the stages of learning that students go through to reach a real depth of understanding on a topic. The first two are considered surface, while the third and fourth are considered deep. Through his refreshing approach to educational research, John Hattie does not promise in his article the golden ticket of ‘what will work’, but instead looks at the things that teachers are doing every day in this country and elsewhere around the globe that are simply not working. Springer. This taxonomy will be used in the current research. Brown 2004). The next two levels, unistructural and multistructural are associated with bringing in information (surface understanding). © 2011 Hook Education Ltd. All rights reserved. At the prestructural level of understanding, the task is inappropriately attacked, and the student has missed the point or needs help to start. Blooming, SOLO Taxonomy, and Phenomenography as Assessment Strategies in Undergraduate Science ... (Hattie & Brown, 2004). “Learning to learn” requires the learner to think about the strengths and weaknesses of their own thinking when they are learning and to make thoughtful decisions on what to do next. The advantages of SOLO Taxonomy over Bloom’s Taxonomy, SOLO Taxonomy and collaborative case-based learning in ethics. Bloom’s Taxonomy has been used for several decades to develop learning and teaching strategies. Add to My Bookmarks Export citation. In more recent times, John Hattie has argued that Bloom’s Taxonomy needs to be superceded by the Solo Model. What It Means HES Instructional Strategies; 1: Pre-structural: No Idea: May or may not have Prior Knowledge: Lack of understanding or knowledge of concept. lies in SOLO's facility in enabling student and educator to understand and evaluate learning experiences and learning outcomes in terms of ascending cognitive complexity (Hattie and I trust your judgement in using and interpreting SOLO.”. SOLO is brutally and blissfully simple and can be used by students as young as five to look at their own learning outcome and the learning outcomes of their peers, 11. With SOLO, students understand that declarative and functioning learning outcomes are the result of effort and the use of effective strategies rather than luck or fixed abilities. ... Bloom’s and SOLO taxonomy in a chapter in Vinther’s Q&A. Unlike the experience of some with the Bloom taxonomy it is relatively easy to identify and categorise the SOLO levels. New York: Academic Press. Page 1. 2. Future Proofing Education: Transformative approaches to new technologies and student diversity in futures oriented classrooms. ... I’ve written previously about being a big fan of Hattie’s work about what affects achievement. Biggs, J.B., & Collis, K.F. At the unistructural level, one aspect of the task is picked up, and student understanding is disconnected and limited. Application. This is powerful when giving feedback, feed-forward and feed-up. Bloom’s taxonomy is not accompanied by criteria for judging the outcome of the activity (Ennis, 1985), whereas SOLO is explicitly useful for judging the outcomes. Distraction 3 – … This: Highlighting what is right and wrong, or good and bad about their work A second advantage SOLO is based on levels of ascending cognitive complexity (versus Bloom's questionable hierarchical link between levels) SOLO Taxonomy Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes • A method to categorise students’ responses to open-ended questions • Focus on qualitative differences between students’ responses Biggs (2003). Others saw it as an attack on the woeful state of the teaching profession! Visible Learning promotes the use of SOLO taxonomy. Students of all ages can use SOLO levels, rubrics and frameworks to answer the following questions: HookED uses SOLO to help students think about the strengths and weaknesses of their own thinking, to “learn to learn” and to help schools develop a common, school wide approach to making learning and learning outcomes visible to students. I’m very pleased to see what great work you are doing in such a different context to ours. For further information, see 7 High-Impact Learning Strategies You Must Teach Your Students. Hattie 2012 p54, SOLO has many advantages over Bloom's Taxonomy, 1. Anderson and Krathwohl's revision is an improvement, but even then under "understanding" you can find "identify", "discuss", and "explain", which represent three different SOLO levels. Using the SOLO method, it is relatively easy to construct items to assess such abstractions. The SOLO Taxonomy (Structure of Observed Learning Outcomes) was devised by Biggs and Collis in 1982 as an alternative to Bloom’s (Cognitive Domain) Taxonomy. It shows learning progress and a plus 1 next step for every learner, Refer to this extract from Hook, P. (2012). CONSIDERATIONS APPLYING SOLO TAXONOMY (1999). Ministry of Education, Auckland UniServices, University of Auckland Date 2004 Publisher Ministry of Education Pub place Wellington, N.Z. There is a closer parallel to how teachers teach and how students learn. set 2, 2018 51 book on educational taxonomies (see, Hook 2015). Teaching for Quality Learning at University. Although it was developed by Biggs and Collis back in 1982 it seems to have had a resurgence of interest recently. See more ideas about Solo taxonomy, Taxonomy, Visible learning. Describe the subject matter of Guernica. Type Document Author(s) John Hattie, Gavin T. L. Brown, New Zealand. Feb 18, 2019 - Explore Maggie Elgert's board "Solo taxonomy" on Pinterest. Strategy 4: Give Feedback It is important that you give your students feedback after they engage with any new material. For example it is possible to design a learning experience using different levels of learning outcome, allowing a more effective targeting of ILOs and a greater clarity when helping students learning to learn (Biggs and Tang 2007, p. 80). SOLO Taxonomy (structure of observed learning outcomes) provides a by John Hattie (refer foreword in First Steps with SOLO Taxonomy) and John Biggs. SOLO Taxonomy SOLO stands for ‘ S tructure of the O bserved L earning O utcomes’. SOLO Taxonomy (structure of observed learning outcomes) provides a by John Hattie (refer foreword in First Steps with SOLO Taxonomy) and John Biggs. Bloom’s Taxonomy has been used for several decades to develop learning and teaching strategies. SOLO is a theory about teaching and learning TriArt Liquid Glass - Testing as a FINISH Coat For Acrylic Pour Painting. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 New Zealand License. What is Solo Taxonomy and why is it here? The SOLO taxonomy not only suggests an item writing methodology, but the same taxonomy can be used to score the items. The SOLO Taxonomy was devised by Collis & Biggs (1982) and looked at the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcomes produced by students in terms of their complexity. Comprehension. HookED uses a unique classroom based approach to SOLO Taxonomy. Questions can be formulated at each level of the SOLO taxonomy to ask progressively deeper, or higher-order, questions. SOLO Taxonomy. Refer to this extract from Biggs, J., & Tang, C. (2007). Pam’s work has been endorsed by John Hattie (refer foreword in First Steps with SOLO Taxonomy) and John Biggs. 7. 80. Type Document Author(s) John Hattie, Gavin T. L. Brown, New Zealand. Another way of looking at this is that students should be able to recall and reproduce, apply basic skills and concepts, think strategically and then extend their thinking (by hypothesizing etc.) 3. What is your opinion of Picasso’s Guernica? SOLO differentiates these verbs from one level in Bloom into three compare and contrast,a declarative knowledge verb at the relational level and at the same time assess a student's learning outcome or answer against success criteria written a SOLO Taxonomy Hattie’s Term Learning Phase? This is an alternative to Bloom that Hattie advocates. Relate the theme of Guernica to a current event. SOLO (the Structure of the Observed Learning Outcomes) taxonomy was first introduced by Biggs & Collis in their 1982 study. Kinds of knowledge, 10. VERBS WHICH CAN DESCRIBE PERFORMANCE AT DIFFERENT SOLO LEVELS While the SOLO taxonomy can help identify levels of progression with learning, Biggs (1999) also identifies characteristics of students that signal whether they are adopting a deep or surface level approach to learning. The Solo Model. In more recent times, John Hattie has argued that Bloom’s Taxonomy needs to be superceded by the Solo Model. What the student does (3rd Ed.). The following is taken from Pam Hook’s wiki “The Learning Process – How Do You Know You are Learning?” Refer to this extract from Hook, P. (2006) A Thinking Curriculum NZCER p100. Furthermore, surface or deep levels of understanding can be planned for and assessed by coding a student’s thinking performance against unistructural, multistructural, relational, or extended abstract categories, as shown in Table 1. When using the SOLO taxonomy, either the questions would be written in a different manner, or the test scorer would concentrate on classifying the responses only. Evaluating the quality of learning: The SOLO taxonomy. SOLO has clarity of verb use for each level. (2nd ed.). Hattie saw it as a chance to show what makes a difference to students With hundreds of people in the room, John Hattie introduced his 3 themes: understanding learning, measuring learning and promoting learning. This is an alternative to Bloom that Hattie advocates. ”, “Congratulations! A key Hattie published Visible Learning in 2009! There is no necessary relationship, however, as a student may respond with a very deep response to the supposedly lower order question: 'Describe the subject matter of Guernica?' Using visual symbols to represent levels of understanding in SOLO means that coding for complexity of thinking can be undertaken by both student and teacher, allowing “where should we go next?” decisions and thinking interventions to more accurately target student learning needs. SOLO can be used to look at levels of declarative knowledge and functioning knowledge including metacognitive reflection. Isn’t this a bit like Bloom’s Taxonomy?• SOLO is based upon a theory about teaching and learning rather than a theory about knowledge, (Hattie and Brown, 2004)• Bloom’s is ‘good’ for teachers: planning, questioning & checking learning• But not great for students: I’ve done applying sir, can I move on to analysis now?• This approach has been endorsed by Professor John Biggs who has been very supportive of the work and outcomes in New Zealand schools by Hooked on Thinking and more recently HookED. 5. Applying the model in your classroom. SOLO levels can be communicated through text, hand signs and symbols - across large and noisy learning environments (versus Bloom's where levels communicated by text alone), 6. SOLO is a theory about teaching and learning (versus Bloom's theory about knowledge), 3. SOLO is research/evidence based on structure of student learning outcomes (versus Bloom's developed from proposal by a committee of educators), 2. Extended Abstract. These are practical strategies that exemplify the higher levels of the SOLO taxonomy. SOLO enables us to distinguish between the cognitive complexity of a task and the difficulty of a task. - Educators and students find it easy to determine what they are doing - the SOLO complexity of the task Last year, I wrote Why the Growth Mindset Won't Work, and it was based on a keynote John Hattie ... Can we use something like SOLO Taxonomy which was developed by … Cognitive processes in asTTle: The SOLO taxonomy. Both teachers and students often progress from more surface to deeper constructs and this is mirrored in the four levels of the SOLO taxonomy. There are several advantages of the SOLO model over the Bloom taxonomy in the evaluation of student learning.These advantages concern not only item construction and scoring, but incorporate features of the process of evaluation that pay attention to how students learn, and how teachers devise instructional procedures to help students use progressively more complex cognitive processes. Finally and significantly, when working with teachers, SOLO provides greater clarity when writing ILOs. John Hattie Labeling SOLO Taxonomy Reprint or License This Article. 8. SOLO is a theory about teaching and … The taxonomy was published in 1956, has sold over a million copies, has been translated into several languages, and has been cited thousands of times. ... I’ve written previously about being a big fan of Hattie’s work about what affects achievement. Solo taxonomy example with A level class Jan 13. 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