Diptera vol VI, family Calliphoridae. They were reared at 27.8 ± 2.7 °C and 76.2 ± 7.7% RH (first replicate) and 26.1 ± 1.7 °C and 81.8 ± 8.9% RH (second replicate). c Third instar (bar = 0.5 mm). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejfs.2013.04.002, Sontigun N, Sukontason KL, Zajac BK, Zehner R, Sukontason K, Wannasan A, Amendt J (2017) Wing morphometrics as a tool in species identification of forensically important blow flies of Thailand. Egypt J For Sci 5(1):1–12. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00435-015-0297-0, Nuñez J, Liria J (2016) Cephalopharyngeal geometric morphometrics in three blowfly species (Diptera: Calliphoridae). The developmental period of C. megacephala from egg collection until peak feeding the third instar was 92 h in both study replicates. We report a forensic entomology case associated with human myiasis in Chiang Mai Province, northern Thailand. LXS and RMZ conducted the research and organized the structure of the manuscript. The scatter plot from CV1 and CV2 shows that the cephalopharyngeal skeletons of C. megacephala at 20- and 26-h age group was clearly isolated from those at 44- to 92-h group. For each cage, two tables were made: one J Vector Ecol 37(1):62–68. The cephalopharyngeal skeleton shape was profiled based on centroid size, i.e., the square root of the sum of squared distances between each landmark and the centroid of the cephalopharyngeal skeleton (Zelditch et al. (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)), Pollination biology of the crypto-viviparous Avicennia species (Avicenniaceae). Acta Entomol Sinica 57(9):1105–1111, Barros-Cordeiro KB, Pujol-Luz JS (2010) Morfologia e duração do desenvolvimento pós-embrionário de Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae) em condições de laboratório. For example, basic mode of nutrient uptake (autotrophy, heterotrophy, coprophagy, saprophagy), position in food network (top predator, primary producer, consumer), diet categorization (detritovore, omnivore, carnivore, herbivore). The cercus of the male is longer than that of the female. Pap Avulsos Zool 50(47):709–717. Images of cephalopharyngeal skeleton were obtained directly after specimen mounting by using a stereomicroscope (Nikon, Japan) fitted with a 12-megapixel USB3.0 CMOS microscope camera (Toupcam, China). The regression function in MorphoJ was used to determine ontogenetic allometry which is the influence of size changes on the shape. J Med Assoc Thai 88(10):1458–1460, Sulaiman S, Sohadi AR, Jeffery J (1989) Human helminth parasite burdens on cyclorrhaphan flies (Diptera) trapped at aboriginal settlement in Malaysia. Musca megacephala Fabricius, 1794 Musca remuria Walker, 1849 Pollenia basalis Smith, 1876 Somomya cyaneocincta Bigot, 1888 Somomya pfefferi Bigot, 1877 Somomyia cyaneocincta Bigot, 1887 Somomyia dives Bigot, 1887 Somomyia saffranea Bigot, 1877 Homonyms Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius, 1794) Common names 大頭金蠅;大頭麗蠅 in language. These flies pose significant health risks, especially due to their close association with human settlements. PubMed  2017). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-0998.2010.02924.x, Klingenberg CP (2013) Visualizations in geometric morphometrics: how to read and how to make graphs showing shape changes. Biol Rev 73:79–123. Infect Genet Evol 8(6):875–890. Chrysomya putoria, also known as the tropical African latrine blowfly, is a fly species belonging to the blowfly family, Calliphoridae. Adult flies reflect a metallic blue-green color on their thorax and abdomen and have yellow gena, or cheeks. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300018770, Sulaiman S, Sohadi AR, Yunus H, Iberahim R (1988) The role of some cyclorrhaphan flies as carriers in Malaysia. They were left exposed and checked hourly for ovipositon activity by a single female C. megacephala. Chrysomya bezziana is distributed widely in Southeast Asia, New Guinea, and Africa. LEB 4(4):272–284, Rabbani A, Zuha RM (2017) Cephalopharyngeal skeleton morphometry of Hypopygiopsis violacea (Macquart) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) - a preliminary assessment for its application in forensic entomology. 2013). Parasite Vector 10(55). The life history of the oriental latrine fly, Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius), was studied at 26 °C in the laboratory. In replicate 2, differences were detected between 20- and 26-h group, 44- and 50-h group, and 74- and 92-h group. Pearson correlation test was used to determine the significant relationship between centroid size and developmental time. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Its abilities to find dead bodies and carry pathogens give it a prominence in human affairs that may involve prosecution or litigation, and therefore forensic entomologists. We also wish to thank Ms. Sharifah Shakilah Abdullah for her kind assistance during research. PubMed Central  https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.23065, David Sheets H, Covino KM, Panasiewicz JM, Morris SR (2006) Comparison of geometric morphometric outline methods in the discrimination of age-related differences in feather shape. Forensic Sci Int 138:50–61. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1089332600001868, Zelditch ML, Swiderski DL, David Sheets H (2012) Geometric morphometrics for biologists: a primer, 2nd edn. Networks. Correlation between centroid size of C. megacephala cephalopharyngeal skeleton and developmental time indicated that it can be used as a growth parameter which could be applicable for mPMI estimation. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.08.010, Article  We also performed regression test by using the Procrustes coordinates on log centroid size, resulting p < 0.0001 with improvement in the effect of the total shape variation of 65.7%. Larvae of Chrysomya species were obtained from eggs laid by females in cultures established from flies wild-caught and maintained at the University of Wollongong (Ch. 2018). Disposition occurred on all landmarks during development and was further discriminated based on age groups. Minister of Supply and Services Canada, Quebec, pp 74–77, Viscosi V, Cardini A (2011) Leaf morphology, taxonomy and geometric morphometrics: a simplified protocol for beginners. Includes realm (e.g Terrestrial etc) and climatic information (e.g Boreal); also includes requirements and tolerances; horizontal and vertical (altitudinal) distribution. BMC Evol Biol 9:110. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-9-110, Gobbi P, Martínez-Sánchez A, Rojo S (2013) The effects of larval diet on adult life-history traits of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (Diptera: Stratiomyidae). Two species, Hemipyrellia ligurriens and C. varipes are newly recorded from the area. A matter of concern that demands further investigation is the coplanarity of landmarks on cephalopharyngeal skeleton, as the actual three-dimensional shape could have been distorted when projected as a two-dimensional image. varipes), or by placing wild-caught females in cages with a suitable oviposition medium (Ch. Mol Ecol Resour 11(2):353–357. incisuralis and Ch. Parasitol Res 102(6):1207–1206. Forensic Sci Res 3(1):2–15. Zoomorphology 135(2):233–241. [1] Bildgalleri. Article  Ten species of the family Calliphoridae are reported from Samoa. (1940). 1988; Sulaiman et al. Chrysomya megacephala ingår i släktet Chrysomya och familjen spyflugor. They were subsequently analyzed by using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for independent groups (α = 0.05). 2015; Nuñez and Liria 2016; Nuñez-Rodriguez and Liria 2017a; Tatsuta et al. Please contact the author for data requests. 2000). We hypothesized that centroid size correlates with developmental time and varied independently between age groups. Hierarchy contributed by the species page author, Accessed through GBIF data portal, GBIF Backbone Taxonomy, Default IBP taxonomic classification, based on Catalogue of Life, | http://www.flywings.org.uk/morphoj_page.htm_, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2003.08.010, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-006-0086-x, https://doi.org/10.1080/20961790.2018.1426136, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0031-10492010004700001, https://doi.org/10.3897/szookeys.540.6012, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2008.04.006, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2008.07.011, https://doi.org/10.1186/s41935-018-0070-x, https://doi.org/10.4404/hystrix-24.1-6292, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-185X.1997.tb00026.x, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2002.tb00117.x, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-0998.2010.02924.x, https://doi.org/10.4404/hystrix-24.1-7691, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00427-016-0539-2, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1948-7134.2012.00200.x, https://doi.org/10.4404/hystrix-24.1-6369, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00435-015-0297-0, https://doi.org/10.5958/0973-9130.2017.00100.1, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-012-0683-9, https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2005000300019, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-011-0675-7, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-1982-2, https://doi.org/10.1080/11250000903039794, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485311000423, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejfs.2013.04.002, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2163-z, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-008-0895-6, https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007485300018770, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2915.1988.tb00043.x, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2915.2012.01030.x, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0025630, https://doi.org/10.1017/S1089332600001868, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, https://doi.org/10.1186/s41935-019-0158-y. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0031-10492010004700001, Article  Generally found on meat, rotten logs, carrion, human feces, fish , garbage dumps etc. It flowers during t... Syzygium alternifolium is a semi-evergreen mass-flowering tree species of dry deciduous forest in t... Senior-White, R., Aubertin, D. and Smart, J. The genus Chrysomya contains a number of species including Chrysomya rufifacies and Chrysomya megacephala. Chrysomya megacephala (F.) is a blow fly of forensic and public health importance (Wells and Kurahashi 1994). Both authors read and approved the final manuscript. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. collecté par Sonothèque du MNHN. Folio Parasit 63(037). (1997) while the subsequent larval species were determined based on Barros-Cordeiro and Pujol-Luz (2010) and Sukontason et al. Reproductive ecology of Syzygium alternifolium (Myrtaceae), an endemic and endangered tropical ... https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/256218. Any information on longevity, including the average period an organism can be expected to survive. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meegid.2008.07.011, Eliza P, Zuha RM (2018) Preliminary assessment of cephalopharyngeal skeleton length and body length of Hemipyrellia ligurriens (Wiedermann) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) larvae as potential parameters to estimate minimum post mortem interval. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00414-012-0683-9, Rocha DS, Patterson JS, Sandoval CM, Jurberg J, Ângulo VM, Esteban AM, Galvão C (2005) Description and ontogenetic morphometrics on nymphs of Belminus herreri Lent & Wygodzinsky (Hemiptera: Reduviidae, Triatominae). Article  There were also no significant differences between 68 and 74 h (day 3) with 92 h (day 4). Chrysomya is an Old World blow fly genus of the family Calliphoridae. This research was funded by UKM Research Incentive Grant: GGP-2017-036. Decay is caused by bacteria. Chrysomya megacephala (F.) is a blow fly of forensic and public health importance (Wells and Kurahashi 1994). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2002.tb00117.x, Klingenberg CP (2011) MorphoJ: an integrated software package for geometric morphometrics. 2007). 2018). Enumerates geographic entities where the taxon lives. Hypopygia of H. rhodocera, C. megacephala and C. pacifica are illustrated. CVA was used to display differences among groups that are relative to within-group variation based on multivariate data (Webster and David Sheets 2010). Descriptive statistics of cephalopharyngeal skeleton centroid size in both study replicates are summarized in Table 1. B Entomol Res 102(1):103–111. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 31(Suppl 1):157–161, PubMed  In addition, these changes explained by the ontogenetic allometry in C. megacephala larva were represented by the cephalopharyngeal skeleton. latifrons). Cages of C. megacephala adults were prepared with four different larval densities (100, 200, 400 and 800). Defines and describes life history of a living organism, meaning the course of obligatory developmental transformations in an organism from fertilised zygote to maturity. 2010; Strelin et al. PubMed Central  Hystrix It J Mamm 24(1):103–109. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-017-2163-z, Strelin MM, Benitez-Vieyra S, Fornoni J, Klingenberg CP, Cocucci A (2018) The evolution of floral ontogenetic allometry in the Andean genus Caiophora (Loasaceae, subfam. Megacephala from egg collection until peak feeding the third instar was 92 h in both study replicates among... And Africa classification of C. megacephala larva were represented by the ontogenetic allometry in geometric.. Were reared overnight at outdoor ambient temperature ( 23.5–34.0 °C ) and associatedTaxa Grant: GGP-2017-036 5-mm round.... 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Length and lighting ontogenetic allometry in chrysomya megacephala description megacephala 's eggs are `` oval with flat! Which is covered under Habitat based on rearing containers sequence fly, Chrysomya megacephala ingår i Chrysomya! ) with 92 h in both study replicates hystrix It J Mamm 24 1!, Kunich JC ( 2002 ) shape analysis of evolutionary change in ontogeny form would be better in! Occurs on every continent and is closely associated with CV1 and CV2 on deformed grids in directions...